This Month in Black History: Important Things That Happened In Septemb – BOTWC

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This Month in Black History: Important Things That Happened In September That You Never Learned

This Month in Black History: Important Things That Happened In September That You Never Learned

We’re kicking off fall with Black history facts!

Here’s some Black history that you may not have learned, brought to you by Black Facts:

Robert T. Freeman First Black Person Harvard Dental

September 1


1867 – Robert T Freeman becomes the first Black person to graduate from Harvard Dental School.


1975 – Gen. Daniel (“Chappie”) James Jr. promoted to rank of four-star general and named commander-in-chief of the North American Air Defense Command


September 2


1975 – Joseph W. Hatchett was sworn in as the first Black supreme court justice in the South in the twentieth century


September 3


1895 – NAACP leader, Charles Hamilton Houston, was born


1931 — Geraldine W. Travis becomes the first Black woman elected to the Montana State Legislature House of Representatives


1970 — Representatives from the 27 African nations, the Caribbean nations, four South American countries, Australia, and the U.S. meet in Atlanta for the first Congress of African People


September 4


1848 — Inventor and engineer, Louis Latimer, was born

 

September 5


1846 — Secretary of the American Negro Academy, John W Cromwell, was born


1895 — Republican George Washington Murray was elected to Congress by South Carolina


September 6


1930 — Leander Jay Shaw, Jr., justice of the Florida State Supreme Court (1983), first African American chief justice (1990) in Florida, the second African American chief justice in any state supreme court

Sonny Rollins Jazz Icon September 7 Birthday

September 7


1917 — Noted Black painter Jacob Lawrence was born


1930 — Jazz icon, Sonny Rollins, was born


1954 — The start of Integration in Washington D.C. and Baltimore, MD public schools


2022 — Frances Tiafoe becomes the first Black man to reach the US Open semifinals since Arthur Ashe


September 8


1901 — Second Executive Director of the NAACP, Roy Wilkins, died


1954 — American Civil Rights Activist, Ruby Bridges, is born


September 9


1908 — Noted author of Native Son Richard Wright was born


1915 — Association for the study of Negro Life and History founded by Carter G. Woodson


1941 — Songwriter and record producer, Otis Redding, was born


1957 — The first civil rights bill since reconstruction was passed by President Eisenhower


1968 — Arthur Ashe becomes first Black U.S. Men’s Singles Tennis Champion


September 10


1973 – The U.S. Postal Service honored Henry Ossawa Tanner, the first African American artist elected to the National Academy of Design with a commemorative stamp


1976 - Educator and Howard University President, Mordecai W. Johnson, died


September 11


1913 — Track star and Olympic medalist, Jesse Owens, was born


1959 — Duke Ellington won the Springarn Medal for his musical achievements


1977 — Quincy Jones won an Emmy for musical composition for the miniseries, Roots

Dr. Mae Jamison First Black Woman in Space NASA BOTWC

September 12


1947 — Jackie Robinson was named National League Rookie of the Year


1992 — Dr. Mae Jemison became the first African-American woman in space


September 13


1881 — Lewis Latimer invented and patented an electric lamp with a carbon filament


1886 — Philosopher Alain L. Lovke was born 


September 14


1940 — President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Selective Service Act, allowing Black people to enter all branches of the US Military Service


September 15


1830 — The first National Negro Convention began in Philadelphia


1852 — Inventor Jan E. Matzeliger, who patented a shoe lasting machine, was born 


1964 — Rev. K.L. Buford and Dr. Stanley Smith were elected to Tuskegee City Council and became the first Black elected officials in Alabama in twentieth century


September 16


1848 — The French abolish Slavery in all their territories


1889 — Birthday of Claude A. Barnett, founder of the Associated Negro Press, the first and only Black news wire services in the US. Barnett, who died in 1967, was a 1906 graduate of Tuskegee Institute


September 17


1861 — First day of school for freed men founded at Fortress Monroe, VA with a Black teacher, Mary Peake


1861 — Hampton Institute founded

 

1983 — Vanessa Williams became the first Black woman to be crowned Miss. America. 


September 18


1850 — Congress passed Fugitive Slave Law as part of the Compromise of 1850


1948 — Ralph J. Bunche confirmed by United Nations Security Council as acting UN mediator in Palestine


September 19


1881 — Booker T. Washington opens the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama


1956 — First international conference of Black writers and artists in Paris


September 20


1830 — First National Black Convention meets


1987 — Alfre Woodard wins an Emmy for Outstanding Guest Performance


September 21


1872 — John Henry Conyers of South Carolina became the first Black student at Annapolis Naval Academy


1891 — Inventor, FW Leslie, patents the envelope seal


September 22

1915 — Xavier University, first Black Catholic College in US, opened in New Orleans, LA


1950 — Ralph Bunche becomes the first Black person to receive a Nobel Prize.



September 23


1863 — Civil Rights Activist and the Black person to serve on the DC board of education, Mary Church Terrell was born


1926 — Innovative and famed jazz musician, John Coltrane, was born


1930 — Singer, songwriter, and musician Ray Charles was born


September 24


1957 — Desegregation of Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas


1977 — John T. Walker installed as the first Black bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Washington

Sonny Liston vs Floyd Patterson KO Heavyweight Boxing Champion BOTWC

September 25


1861 — Secretary of Navy authorized enlistment of slaves as Union sailors


1962 — Sonny Liston knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round and became the world heavyweight boxing champion


1974 — Barbara W Hancock becomes the first Black woman named a White House fellow


September 26


1867 — Business and civic leader, Maggie L Walker, was born


1968 — The Studio Museum of Harlem opens in NYC


September 27


1827 — The first Black U.S. Senator, Hiram R. Revels, was born


1950 — Charles H. Houston was awarded the Spingarn Medal for his pioneering work in developing the NAACP legal campaign


1954 — School integration began in Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, MD, public schools


September 28


1829 — Black Abolitionist, David Walker, was born


September 29


1910 — National Urban League was founded


1975 — WGPR-TV, the first fully Black-owned and operated television station in the U.S., debuted


September 30


1935 — John “Johnny” Royce Mathis, singer, was born in Gilmer, Texas


1975 — Boxing legend Muhammad Ali won the “Thrilla in Manilla” fight against Joe Frazier

 

1991 — Mike Powell broke the world long jump record when he jumped 8.95 meters at a meet in Tokyo, Japan

 

PHOTO: CUNYEDU/NASA/Fight Sports/NPR/Zentist